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EU REACH: Restricted Substances List Receives Three New Entries


ECHA has updated the REACH Annex XVII Restricted Substance list to include three new substances.  Updated on 8 May 2018, the list of restricted substances now contains 71 individual entries. Companies will be expected to gather information from their suppliers to determine if any of the substances are contained in their products and if they are within the threshold requirements.

Entry 69: Methanol 

With a goal of reducing incidences of methanol poisoning by children or as well as chronic alcoholics using methanol as a cheap substitute for alcohol; Methanol shall not be placed on the market to the general public after 9 May 2019 in consumer windshield washing or defrosting fluids, in concentration to or greater than 0.6% by weight.


Entry 70: Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) and Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5)

To reduce the amount of D4 and D5 that are washed off with water during normal use, D4 and D5 shall not be placed on the market in wash-off cosmetics in concentrations great than or equal to 0.1% by weight of either substance, after 31 January 2020.

D4 and D5 are of concern due to their release into freshwater and their subsequent persistence and build-up in sediments, followed by bioaccumulation through the food chain. D4 contains both Persistent, Bio-accumulative and Toxic (PBT), as well as very Persistent and very Bio-accumulative vPvB characteristics, while D5 is classified as vPvB. Each has a range of generally similar uses in cosmetic products.


Entry 71: 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP)

To reduce the risk to health workers exposed to NMP, this substance shall not be placed on the market in concentrations great than or equal to 0.3% after 9 May 2020 without relevant chemical safety reports and safety data sheets. Safety documentation must include the appropriate risk management measures and operational conditions necessary to ensure the exposure to health workers is below 14.4mg/m3 by inhalation and 4.8mg/kg/day for dermal exposure. NMP used as a solvent or reactant in the process of coating wires will not be restricted until 9 May 2024.

NMP is of concern due to its reproductive, eye, and skin toxicity.


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*REACH – Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation, and Restriction of Chemicals

*ECHA – European Chemical Agency